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Kenya News


Millennium Water Alliance, Swiss Development Corporation Launch New Five-Year Water and Resilience Program in Kenya


World Water Day Event Opens $15.3 Million  Kenya RAPID Plus, Building on MWA’s Innovative Kenya RAPID Program in Five Counties in Northern Kenya


Nairobi, Kenya, March 24, 2022 – The Swiss Ambassador to Kenya joined representatives of the Kenyan Government, local and international nongovernmental organizations, and private sector partners on World Water Day (March 22) to launch Kenya RAPID Plus (the Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development, also now known as RAPID+), a major effort to accelerate access to safe drinking water and rangeland services for more than 200,000 people in Turkana, Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, and Wajir counties.

The program began organizing in November last year, but with the formal launch this week, it will now engage multiple partners for increasing access in pastoralist communities to sustainable water for multiple personal and agricultural uses, and to improve the health of rangeland resources critical to likelihoods in this region. The Swiss Development Corporation (SDC) is the primary funder, with contributions from implementing nongovernmental organizations and others for a total of $15, 365,239 USD through October 2026.

From 2016 to 2021, The Millennium Water Alliance-led Kenya RAPID program, funded primarily by SDC and the United States Agency for International Development, deployed $31 million USD to improve or bring first-time access to water, sanitation, and hygiene for 650,226 people. RAPID brought together public, private, and civil society institutions and communities to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to take steps to restore a healthy rangeland management.

The new RAPID+ is designed to address two core problems and the complex interactions amid changing climate conditions: insufficient access to adequate and sustainable water for multiple uses, and declining rangeland resources.

Posted March 24, 2022


Independent Evaluations Assess Progress and Questions for Water Services in Kenya’s Northern Lands


At the Close of Kenya RAPID, 650,226 People Have Received Improved Water Services, with Impact on Agriculture, Livestock, and Water Resource Management

Boreal Light Solar-Powered Desalination Plant in Wajir  (Photo: EED Advisory Ltd.)

Two independent reviews of the recently concluded, five-year Millennium Water Alliance program in Kenya have been released, confirming many achievements and offering recommendations for improvements in the future.

The largest funder of the program, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), commissioned a third-party evaluation of the program’s design, operation, and impact on water access,   food security, and rangeland management in five arid and semi-arid land (ASAL) counties in northern Kenya: Garissa, Turkana, Marsabit, Wajir, and Isiolo. Another evaluation was performed by EED Advisory Limited.

The innovative, USD $30 million, 21-partner Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (Kenya RAPID) ran from 2015 through 2020, was led by the Millennium Water Alliance (MWA) and was funded by the USAID, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), four implementing MWA members – CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Food for the Hungry, and World Vision, and business partners. 

Both studies found significant innovations and on the ground achievements throughout the program, which improved access to drinking water for more than 650,000 people, facilitated sanitation improvements for 81,097 people and supported more than 24,000 households to establish handwashing stations with soap. Furthermore, in collaboration with the Department of Agriculture, Kenya RAPID trained more than 50,000 farmers on agriculture practices to improve access to more diverse foods for improved nutrition and economic benefit. The primary goal of the program was to contribute to sustainable and resilient livelihoods for ASAL communities through increasing access to water and sanitation, water for livestock, and rebuilding healthy rangeland-management ecosystems.

Notably, in the USAID evaluation, the evaluation team wrote that it “Applauds Kenya RAPID’s ambition and inclusivity, noting a clear shift in county government officials’ attitudes.”

Looking ahead, they noted that they cannot project whether the counties will continue to work through a multi-themed approach without Kenya RAPID’s facilitation support including, for example, whether the technologies and data will continue to be used for decision making and if women’s empowerment efforts will be sustained without addressing entrenched gender norms.

Four MWA members served as facilitating partners for the program. Each led the work in a geographic area with the aim of improving the overall system for coordinating and administering WASH and water management services, not merely on hardware installations. Two other MWA members, Acacia Water and the Mortenson Center in Global Engineering (via SweetSense Sensors), provided specific technical roles across the entire program geography.

The evaluators noted that RAPID’s strategic direction and implementation strategy was built on lessons from previous resilience efforts in the ASALs through an earlier MWA program, the Kenya Arid Lands Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene   Program (KALDRR-WASH), funded by USAID, and SDC’ s Water  for Livestock (W4L) program, implemented from 2012-2014.

The end-term performance evaluation of RAPID was commissioned by USAID to assess the design and implementation of RAPID for learning and future program design purposes.  The results of this evaluation show many positive aspects about the partnerships and innovative approaches used in the design and implementation of RAPID. The findings also identify several areas where it is helpful to learn, reflect and improve for future resilience work in northern Kenya.

“… Kenya RAPID offered an ambitious set of activities aimed at supporting county governments to develop critical policy and related documents and overcome significant capacity gaps,” the evaluators for USAID wrote. “For health, livelihood, and conflict mitigation, Kenya RAPID sought to integrate thematic interventions in a more holistic and inclusive manner.” Not all efforts were successful in the short run but may provide basis for more results over time if the learnings from the program are utilized in future work by the local governments and other partners.

A few key points from the evaluation include:

  • The Program Implementation Through Facilitation Approach, working closely with county governments, was consistent in supporting Kenya’s “Journey to Self-Reliance” in the USAID strategic context.
  • The role of MWA as a hub was noted as being critical to this type of complex and multi-partner program and was well executed.
  • A suggestion that the core hub team could have been expanded to result in an even more effective hub.
  • The private sector approach was recognized as helping to shift mindsets and encourage more private sector engagement in the ASALs, but this private sector work could have been stronger with a more structured approach and early analysis.
  • Some of the technology interventions were credited with helping solve challenges in water service delivery but less so for sanitation services despite efforts to do so.

The EED evaluation found that most indicators of progress under the program three major strategic objectives were met, but several were not. In particular, the private sector partnership goals fell short, caused both by program facilitation and by frequent turnover among the private sector actors. This is not entirely surprising, since the increased effort at private sector engagement was one of the most experimental elements of the ambitious effort over five years – especially so given the comparative scarcity of business investment at this time in the ASALs.

The EED Advisory evaluation team observed, “it can clearly be shown that access to sustainable WASH and improved rangeland  management services has improved,” and that more “households have taken up agro-pastoralism and are employing the use of irrigation techniques introduced by the program.”

The report noted that “There has also been a tangible impact on nutrition with overall increases registered in diversity and decreases in malnutrition reported by county nutrition officers.” And the evaluators added “While this is good, the key question to ask is, are these reforms sustainable?”

For its part now, MWA now is working with its members and other partners in Kenya on a possible new multi-year program in the ASALs to build on the progress and learnings of Kenya RAPID over the past five years.

To see the full reports, follow these links:

EED Advisory Ltd.  Evaluation

Performance Evaluation Brief

Summary of Findings and Recommendations

Full End-term Performance Evaluation

Kenya news (on the MWA website) that includes these reports, and several videos and recent news interviews.

  • July 21, 2021


End-term Performance Evaluation of Kenya RAPID

Kenya RAPID was a five-year USD 35 million development program bringing together public and private institutions to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem. RAPID was funded jointly by USAID, the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation, NGO partner match and private sector partners.

RAPID concluded at the end of 2019. An End-term performance evaluation of the program was commissioned by USAID to assess the design and implentation of RAPID for learning and future program design purposes.  The results of this evaluation show many positive aspects about the partnerships and innovative approaches used in the design and implementation of RAPID. The findings also identify several areas where it is helpful to learn, reflect and improve for future resilience work in northern Kenya.

You can find here:

Performance Evaluation Brief

Summary of Findings and Recommendations

Full End-term Performance Evaluation


RAPID Interviews

Interviews featuring Doris Kaberia, Kenya RAPID Chief of Party and Marsabit Deputy Governor Solomon Gubo about Water Access in Northern Kenya



Cloud Technology  for the People of Kenya’s Arid Lands

IBM Research, a private sector partner in MWA’s five-year Kenya RAPID program, in June 2020 released this six-minute video showing the stark conditions faced by thousands of people in the remote arid northern counties of Kenya. See how new technology in the program is accelerating their access to better drinking water:


New Agreement on Garrisa Water Services

Nairobi, Kenya, August 17, 2020 – MWA, through the Kenya RAPID Program and the Garrisa County Governor, today signed a partnership agreement to improve the governance of the rural water services through the Garrisa Rural Water Services Corporation(GARUWASCO).

GARUWASCO is one of the new institutions created under the new county Water Act 2018, with financial support from SDC and USAID (Kenya RAPID & AHADI). The agreement was signed at the embassy of Switzerland on August 17.


Kenya RAPID Video Shows Impact in Year 4

See this above video for an update on Kenya RAPID as it nears its fifth and final year of implementation!




MWA Partners Celebrate WASH Milestone in Isiolo 

Isiolo County, Kenya, April 5, 2019USAID Deputy Administrator Bonnie Glick joined the Governor of Isiolo County and representatives of the Swiss Ambassador to Kenya, the Coca-Cola Africa Foundation, IBM Research, the Millennium Water Alliance, and Catholic Relief Services on April 5 to inaugurate a new water system to serve more than 1,500 people in

Isiolo Deputy Governor Hon Dr Abdi Ibrahim Issa, USAID Deputy Administraor Bonnie Glick and representatives from the Millenium Water Alliance and the Swiss Government cut a ribbon to commission a rehabilitated borehole and steel tank at Bula Mpya Primary School in Isiolo, Kenya on 5th April 2019.

The new Bula Mpya water system was built by MWA’s Kenya RAPID program, a $35 million, five-year program funded by USAID, the Swiss Development Corporation, and other partners to improve water, sanitation, and hygiene services for nearly 450,000 people in five northern counties of Kenya. Since 2015, more than 184,000 rural Kenyans have gained access to safe drinking water and sanitation in these arid lands through Kenya RAPID. Emphasizing the role of local government, the program uses new technology, including a prepaid meter and voucher system, to provide reliable access to the most vulnerable people in Isiolo.

15-year-old Gilbert Kimathi fetches water from a just-commissioned rehabilitated borehole and steel water tank at Bula Mpya on 5th April 2019.

Deputy Administrator Glick, MWA Chairman Malcolm Morris, and other representatives presented remarks emphasizing the importance of public-private partnerships in the drive to help Kenya reach its goal of 100% coverage for safe water access by 2030.

MWA member Catholic Relief Services was lead implementer in the program in Isiolo. Kenya RAPID’s private sector partners, such as IBM Research, play a key role in deploying new technology to make the new services more reliable and sustainable, in line with MWA’s emphasis on cross-sectoral planning and a coherent plan for water management.

MWA is proud that USAID and other partners recognize the gains made in the program, now beginning its fourth year of implementation. Below, please see details drawn from the USAID fact sheet on Kenya RAPID, and contact MWA for more information.


Doris Kaberia, Director of MWA–Kenya

Keith Wright, Executive Director,



Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (Kenya RAPID) Progress to Year 4 (2019)



Kenya RAPID is a five-year development program bringing together public and private institutions and communities, to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem. Kenya RAPID strongly supports the Ending Drought Emergencies Common Program Framework launched by the Government of Kenya in November 2015, recognizing that, “Sustainable management of rangelands, water, crops, and increasing the contribution of livestock to the pastoral economy are critical to resilient livelihoods in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs).



SO1: A responsive and accountable governance framework is in place and operational at county government level that ensures sustainable provision of water and pasture;

SO2: Replicable and scalable business models for sustainable WASH and livestock service delivery have been developed and operationalized;

SO3: Communities have increased access to sustainable WASH services and improved rangeland management.



Counties laws, policies, regulations and strategies developed:            16

PPP beneficiaries:                                                                                          104,199

Borehole sensors installed:                                                                          121

People benefiting from improved access to safe water:                        335,357

Livestock accessing water:                                                                            693,691

People benefiting from basic sanitation:                                                    37,649

Beneficiaries of improved farming technologies:                                     5,593

Children between 0-23 months reached with improved nutrition:     5,810

Rangeland management committees formed and trained:                    28



Counties of Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir

PROGRAM BUDGET: USD 35.5 million



LEAD IMPLEMENTING AGENCY Millennium Water Alliance (MWA)


Government of Kenya

County Ministries of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, Health and Education of Isiolo, Garissa, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir and National Ministries of Water, Agriculture, Livestock, Fisheries, Health and Education

MWA Member Implementing Partners

CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Food for the Hungry, and World Vision

Private Sector Partners

Acacia Water, Davis & Shirtliff, SweetSense Inc, The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation, Vitol Foundation, KCB Bank Foundation and IBM

Major Donors

USAID and Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC)



United States Agency for International Development (USAID) Vicky Liyai

Program Management Specialist

Office of Economic Growth(OEG))


Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC) Kunow Abdi

Food Security Program Officer


Millennium Water Alliance Kenya

Doris Kaberia

Chief of Party -Kenya RAPID Program E:


Posted MWA, April 18, 2019

Experts: Drilling many boreholes puts pressure on aquifers

From The Standard, March 20th, 2019

by Allan Mungai

As the world prepares to mark the World Water Day this Friday, experts have warned that the country’s over-reliance on ground water might be making it more water deficient.Doris Kaberia, Chief of Party for Kenya RAPID and Kenya Programmes Director at Millennium Water Alliance, called for a more carefully planned approach to borehole drilling to protect the water ecosystem. Ms Kaberia stressed the need for underground water recharging, adding that 41 per cent of Kenyans still relied on water sources such as ponds and shallow wells.“We are digging so many boreholes close to each other and over-abstracting from aquifers,” she said.

According to the United Nations, Kenya has one of the lowest natural water replenishment rates at 647 cubic metres per capita each year, which is far below the recommended 1,000 cubic metres per capita per annum.“We need to think about how we manage water because when it rains we see a lot of flooding yet we do not have systems for run-off and storm water management,” said Kaberia.She called on cooperation between the national and county governments and other players in the water sector to achieve the goal of ensuring all Kenyans have access to safe drinking water.Kaberia also urged Kenyans to adopt better water management strategies, saying that golf courses, for example, could use reclaimed water to irrigate their greens.

Read the Standard Digital story here.

posted March 25th, 2019



 Patches of Green in the Midst of Drylands of Wajir Town – Story of Resilience by the Liban Women Group

 By Joseph Egesa

Arfon Khamis, disabled below both knees, plants cowpeas in her portion of the community garden. Her work has been made much easier after the installation of the irrigation pumps through MWA’s five- year Kenya RAPID program.

In the middle of Wajir town is a group of women who against odds are making a living in the dry and arid environment. Dahara Khalif, one of the group members who we met with others watering their small gardens in the cool evening light, summed up their project with a metaphor. “When a camel gives birth there is lots of milk, when it dries up, there is nothing to milk. In the same way, this project is like when the camel is giving milk. Life before was like when the camel is dry,” she shared.  “Many of the group members came to Wajir town after the 1990 drought when they lost their livestock to drought.” she added.

The site is busy with women and some of their children collecting water from taps set in different locations to get water to the group’s gardens. There is laughter and giggling as I try to get some photos of the girls, boys, and some of the women as they water their gardens. Each woman has a small portion where they grow crops like kale, spinach, sweet potatoes and others are growing patches of grass. Dahara grows grass for goats. She sells each handful for Kenya Shilling 50 (about half a dollar) to people in the neighborhood for their goats. She also grows lentils and sugarcane.

All this is possible because World Vision, working under MWA’s Kenya RAPID program, has supported the community with an irrigation pump that runs on solar and the distribution pipeline. There is a well in the middle of the farm where water is pumped from. They also have two greenhouses which they use to collectively grow vegetables for the whole group’s economic empowerment.

From right Dahara Khalif, Adana Gure and Khadija Maash harvesting kale.

They told us that before this, they had to draw water by hand using a rope and a bucket. Later they used a fuel generator to pump water, but this was expensive. They also had a windmill which later collapsed due to age.


According to Khadija Mahash, a mother of six (ages 3 through14), and one of the founding members of the Liban group, she has seen much benefit from this farm. She admitted to being able to feed her children nutritious food, sell some of it for income and also feed her goats with the grass she grows through irrigation. Her children also go to school. The women confessed that compared to women not in such a group, they are better off because they are able to supplement their family needs from the crops. Unlike the other women who solely depend on their husbands for everything, food, school fees, clothes, etc. “we are better than them by far” said Dahara.


Liban group incorporates people with disability. Arfon Khasim (60 years) is a grandmother with two grandchildren (7 and 6 year olds) belonging to her daughter who is out in the bush herding livestock. Arfon has piped water right by her portion to allow her to get water with ease. She lost her two legs from below the knee due to a car accident. But Arfon is not deterred by her disability, she struggles on for her grandchildren. She gets food for herself and the grandchildren from the small farm. She sells the surplus to pay for other needs. She gets about 2-3 dollars a day for her sale.

A collapsed wind mill.

Any remaining stock, she consumes it to avoid losses. Such projects have a huge impact on the lives of children and their education, as it sustains their health and keeps them in school. 

The group has already opened a bank account with credit Takaful Savings Cooperative (credit union) in Wajir town. As we spoke they had over USD300 which we learned is part of their plan to construct hay store through loan from Crescent Takaful Sacco.


Source: Liban Women group records


For further information, contact:

Beatrice Akini, MWA Kenya,

Doris Kaberia, MWA Kenya,

John Sparks, MWA US,

Posted March 6th, 2019


SweetSense Sensors Change How Kenya Works with Water

Site of satellite connected cellular networks, Photo Credit: SweetSense Inc.

Turkana, Kenya, January 4, 2019 – Across drought-ridden counties in Northern Kenya, solar-powered sensors help ensure speedy repairs and proper maintenance for boreholes, making the difference between health and hardship for the many rural Kenyans who rely on this infrastructure as their only source of clean water.

SweetSense, a U.S. company that joined forces with Millennium Water Alliance in 2015 as a founding partner of the Kenya RAPID program, manufacture solar-powered remote sensors in five counties: Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana, and Wajir. SweetSense joins Kenya RAPID’s other private sector partners, such as IBM and Davis & Shirtliff, in building the capacity of county governments to manage the delivery of water and sanitation services. (See below a video from University of Colorado Boulder on the sensors in action.)

Doris Kaberia, MWA Kenya RAPID’s chief of party, explained how water management before SweetSense intervention could be problematic. “If you go to a county minister and you ask them ‘How many water points do you have? How many are functioning? What is the operation and maintenance regime? How many beneficiaries are you serving?,’ these counties often cannot give an answer because they do not have a centralized database system,” she said. “So when it comes to decision making for investment or budgeting, it’s not really based on data.”

SweetSense Cell Sensor, Photo Credit: SweetSense Inc

SweetSense deploys instruments on hand and electric water pumps, water tanks, and water distribution systems to measure rates of utilization and functionality. These measures are then used to help dispatch technicians, supplies, or other responses. With the aid of the sensors, water directors and county water ministers can monitor individual boreholes right from their desks, rather than having to travel hundreds of miles for manual assessments.

“They can see which boreholes are not performing well, and which one is almost failing, instead of waiting for it to fail,” Kaberia said.

The Kenya national average access to improved water sources is 48% in rural areas. In the region of Kenya targeted for this activity, the average is closer to 27%. This baseline provides one of the first opportunities to institutionalize accountable, cost-effective feedback mechanisms in delivering water services. Key outcomes in this program include a responsible and accountable government framework for water services; replicable and scalable business models to deliver these services; and community engagement in demanding water services.

Evan Thomas, CEO of SweetSense, said, “Often times the pump will break and it doesn’t get fixed very quickly. What we’re trying to do is reduce drought emergencies. A drought emergency happens when water is not available where it needs to be, when it needs to be.”

SweetSense Inc. was founded in 2012 and has installed satellite and cellular connected sensors in 15 countries monitoring water, sanitation, energy and infrastructure programs. In 2019, SweetSense will expand to monitoring over 5 million people’s water supply on a daily basis in Rwanda, Kenya and Ethiopia.

MWA is a permanent alliance of 14-member NGOs committed to implementing water, sanitation, and hygiene education programs in poor communities in the developing world. MWA convenes implementers and others to share learning, create new partnerships, advocate for greater government commitment to water and sanitation, and demonstrate scalable, systems-wide programs. MWA emphasizes engaging with local and national government, developing enterprise models, and blended finance.

Working In Kenya since 2004, MWA now manages Kenya RAPID, a five-year, 21-partner program bringing together public and private institutions to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem in five northern counties.

For more information, contact:

John Sparks (US)
Doris Kaberia (Kenya)



Posted January 4, 2019

“Where the Water Flows” – See This New Online CNN Story about IBM Cloud-Based Technology in Pump Monitoring in Kenya

Nairobi, Kenya, November 26, 2018 — A new CNN online story focuses on technology from MWA Kenya RAPID partners IBM and SweetSense that improves monitoring pumps to be faster and more reliable than ever.

CNN and IBM created a new animated graphic that very clearly shows the need – improving reliable access for communities where water access is hampered by distance, among other factors-  and how the technology is making access better.

View the online CNN story HERE.

Photo credit: SweetSense Inc










Posted November 26, 2018


Solar Hybrid System Resumes Water Service for 150 Households

Goats and other livestock are critical to the Habaswein community’s livelihood. Thanks to the new solar hybrid system, these animals have a reliable source of water. Photo credit: World Vision

Wajir County, Kenya, September 26, 2018— Community members in Habaswein Ward, Wajir County, now enjoy regular access to clean water  from a community borehole thanks to the installation of a new  solar hybrid-power system at the Dur Dur borehole.

MWA Kenya RAPID representatives and the sub-county Ward Officer representing the Wajir County government joined the community for an inauguration ceremony of the system last August.

Initially installed by the Wajir County Government’s Constituencies Development Fund, the Dur Dur borehole serves 150 households and four schools. The community relies on the borehole for day-to-day activities such as cooking, cleaning, and watering livestock and crops. However, frequent malfunctions and an out-of-date diesel generator made the borehole too expensive to maintain. Repair costs had increased, revenue collection had decreased, and families trekked for miles to access clean water.

MWA Kenya RAPID and implementing partner World Vision upgraded the borehole from a diesel generator to a solar hybrid system, decreasing operating costs by up to 50 percent. The improved performance increased revenue. More importantly, the borehole’s improved functionality will mean access to clean water is no longer a struggle for the Habaswein Ward community and their animals.

The Water Use Committee, a small group of individuals appointed by the community, manages the borehole. Kenya RAPID and World Vision are working on capacity-building initiatives for the committee on customer relations and community adoption.

Kenya RAPID is a five-year development program of the Millennium Water Alliance bringing together public and private institutions to increase access to water and sanitation for people and water for livestock, and to rebuild a healthy rangeland-management ecosystem. Kenya RAPID has been working in Wajir County since 2015 in partnership with the Wajir County government and World Vision, the implementing MWA member. So far, Kenya RAPID has completed 14 boreholes operating on solar energy and installed four elevated steel tanks in Wajir, improving the lives of 56,783 people. Kenya RAPID receives major funding from the United States Agency for International Development and the Swiss Agency for Development and Cooperation.

To an arid lands community with unreliable water service, this is a beautiful sight. Photo credit: World Vision


Posted September 26, 2018


Recent News Videos from Kenya RAPID



Posted September 20, 2018


New Stories from the Kenya RAPID Program:

Sanitation Blocks at Ilpus Primary School Saves School from Closure by County Public Health Department

Posted March 14, 2018


New Stories from the Kenya RAPID Program:

Irrigation Technology Changes Women’s Agribusiness Dreams

Posted February 7, 2018


Big Lift for Thousands of Livestock Farmers in New Credit, Water and Sanitation Program

Posted September 29, 2017

New Partnerships Find Water in a Drought

The opening of the Kapedo Community Water Project, which is a collaboration between Kenya RAPID and the Turkana County Government. Photo Credit: Kenya RAPID

From Global Waters, USAID, September 8, 2017— Northern Kenya has been an arid region for thousands of years. The people who live there have adapted to the conditions, traditionally relying on migrating with their herds of cattle, camels, and goats, but the droughts are becoming more intense. For three years, the rains have been poor, leaving grazing areas parched and killing livestock — as much as 80 percent of herds in some places. Residents are desperate for water, both for their animals and for themselves.

This problem is greater than any one organization can address, so the Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (Kenya RAPID) program is trying a new broad partnership approach to expand access to water and sustainable livestock and rangeland management practices in five northern counties: Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana, and Wajir. The five-year, $35.5 million program, which began in September 2015, rejects the “business as usual” approach to development. All five counties and every one of the 21 partners in this public-private partnership is a co-investor — of human capital, financial capital, software, equipment, or other organizational resources — with the goal of increasing improved water supply availability from 37 percent to more than 50 percent of residents. USAID will contribute $12.5 million to the program.

Map by USAID Water Team

The Millennium Water Alliance (MWA) spearheaded a collaborative process to identify and prioritize needs, define strategic objectives, and develop the program’s technical approach in consultation with national and county governments, donors, NGOs, and private sector partners. Kenya RAPID partners meet multiple times a year to evaluate progress and provide strategic direction — governance that is replicated at the county level through the County Program Steering Committee.

This program also marks a significant shift away from NGOs serving as direct program implementers. In Kenya RAPID, NGOs facilitate a program that is implemented by county governments for delivery of water and sanitation services. This shift is reflected in the day-to-day operational heart of the program, which includes a County Coordination Unit (CCU) located within the counties’ administrative headquarters; a program decision-making structure that prioritizes national and county government representation and authority; and the provision for the direct transfer of program funds to county governments to support the program’s objectives. In this way, the program will build the capacity of county governments to manage this and similar projects.

“These counties and the communities need to have the capacity to maintain or take care of the water infrastructure they have,” says Martin Mulongo, USAID Kenya and East Africa WASH specialist.

Doris Kaberia, the chief of party for Kenya RAPID, describes one example of how this increased capacity will be helpful. “If you go to a county minister and you ask them ‘How many water points do you have? How many are functioning? What is the operation and maintenance regime? How many beneficiaries are you serving?,’ these counties cannot give an answer because they do not have a centralized database system,” she explains. “So when it comes to decision making for investment or budgeting, it’s not really based on data.”

Saku Water Supply Project, a collaboration between Kenya RAPID and the Marsabit County Department of Water. Photo Credit: Johnson Nganga

This is where one Kenya RAPID partner is able to step in. “IBM research scientists have come in to support us in the work with these counties to develop what we are calling a water-management-as-a-service platform,” she says. IBM, in turn, will be able to replicate and expand the model in other parts of the world.

Much of the data for this new platform will be generated through equipment provided by SweetSense, another Kenya RAPID private sector partner based in the United States. SweetSense manufactures solar-powered remote sensors that can be attached to water infrastructure to track use and operability. Kaberia explains that this allows water directors and county water ministers to monitor individual boreholes right from their desks, rather than having to travel hundreds of miles. “They can see which boreholes are not performing well, and which one is almost failing, instead of waiting for it to fail.”

Another private sector partner, water and energy infrastructure company Davis & Shirtliff, is piloting a new way to supply boreholes in communities. “Some of the partners like Davis & Shirtliff are also advancing an idea called a ‘leasing model,’” says Mulongo. “The county government can lease the equipment they have and pay back the cost over a certain period of time.”

This will allow county governments to leave maintenance of the pumps to efficient private sector operators while retaining and improving their focus on core public sector responsibilities, such as regulation and supervision. Local governments will not need to make big upfront investments in boreholes and other infrastructure but instead will pay regular fees for service. This will also encourage companies, in this case Davis & Shirtliff, to use products that last as long as possible to postpone and reduce the costs of replacement. Water supply agencies will purchase a service instead of a piece of equipment.

SweetSense, Davis & Shirtliff, and other private sector partners are also providing training to county employees and community members in the maintenance of these systems. Elizabeth Jordan, a water and sanitation advisor with USAID, says that this is another way that Kenya RAPID is leveraging the expertise of the private sector. “This private sector engagement is really interesting,” she says. “This is actually a skills transfer.”

In its remaining three years, the program will continue to work with county governments to increase access to safe water sources in a sustainable way, helping to build the regulatory systems to keep the infrastructure running. Many of its innovative models are being piloted under Kenya RAPID and have potential for broad scale-up in the future, creating opportunities for more and larger partnerships with private sector companies, and ensuring as many people as possible can experience the economic and health benefits of clean water.

Posted September 20, 2017


Saku Water Kiosk Eliminates Cash Handling

A rehabilitated, metered water kiosk. Photo credit: FHK

Saku, Marsabit, Kenya, September 14, 2017— New technology has brought a major change to the Saku water kiosk: people no longer need to carry cash to have access to clean water. Instead, a prepaid meter system ensures that consumers at the kiosk, which is part of the Marsabit Water Supply Project in Saku sub county, Saku Ward, always get their moneys’ worth.


The Marsabit Water Supply Project uses two water kiosks, Saku and Shauri Yako. The Saku water kiosk is managed by Saku welfare group, a 30-person group composed of people living with disabilities. The group buys water in bulk from the Marsabit water supply, and then sells to the Saku community in units of 20 litres. The current water tariff is Kshs 3 per 20 litre jerrican. The revenue collected from water sales is used to meet the project’s operational and maintenance costs.

In 2017, the Millennium Water Alliance’s (MWA) Kenya RAPID program, in collaboration with the County Department of Water, carried out technical and feasibility assessments to identify areas of improvement within the project. Following the assessments, Kenya RAPID undertook the following activities: a new pipeline to connect the main storage tank with the two kiosks, construction of two masonry water kiosks, construction of a 27m3 steel tank, and installation of control valves, chambers and a master meter. The program also installed prepaid meters in the two kiosks, and trained WMCs on the adaptation of the prepaid meters.

Ali Godana, Chairman of Saku Welfare Group in Marsabit County. Photo credit: Johnson Nganga

Ali Godana, chairman of Saku Welfare group, said, “Before KENYA RAPID intervention, our project was faced with very many challenges. We did not have a storage tank, water pressures were low, our pipeline encountered frequent breakages, we could not account for daily water use, we did not have control valves and chambers, and our water kiosk was in poor state. However, through Kenya RAPID, these water infrastructures were rehabilitated.”

Maree Hirbo, one of the project’s beneficiaries, experienced the improvements first-hand. She said, “The old kiosks were unhygienic, and the water was prone to contamination. The drainage around the kiosks was poor. Water logging around the kiosk was a common phenomenon. This sometimes acted as breeding point for mosquitoes. With the new kiosks and well designed dispensing pipes, contamination has been eliminated. With high pressures, water dispensing is fast, reducing the waiting time.”


All customers at the water kiosk are now issued prepaid chips. These chips are exchanged for water, and then reloaded. Swapping cash for chips aims to reduce money handling, eliminate water wastage, increase accountability and allow for better budgeting.

Godana said the introduction of the prepaid meter system has been the program’s biggest success. “Less man power is required to operate the system. Customers can only access the amount of water they have paid for. The system is able to document water dispensed at any time. The system has also eliminated free water, which is not sustainable. We are very grateful to Food for the Hungry through the Kenya RAPID program for introducing technology in our water supply.”

Hirbo agreed with Godana. “Initially, we had a problem of getting change considering water was selling at Kshs 3 per 20 litre jerrican. Sometimes our children used to lose money on the way,” she said. “Fortunately, today they do not need to carry money. All they need is a chip. It is my prayer that this wonderful work and technology will be replicated in other parts of our county.”

This project is currently benefiting 19,000 people, with the number expected to grow to 23,000 people upon completion of a second kiosk.

Maree Hirbo fetching water at the metered water kiosk at Saku, Marsabit County. Photo credit: Johnson Nganga

Posted September 20, 2017

Water for Crops Gives Women in Kenya’s Drylands a Voice

Women draw water from a hand-dug well in Alimao, Kenya, February 2017. Photo by Charles Kariuki, World Vision


By Robert Kilbert (Thomas Reuters Foundation), August 11, 2017— On a blistering hot afternoon, Zainab Omar Ali methodically sorts through freshly picked bunches of kale on her farm in Alimao village in northeast Kenya.

“I managed to sell most of my batch at the market this morning,” she said with satisfaction. “I’ll try to sell the remaining fresh ones tomorrow, and cook the rest at home.”

Near her farm in Wajir County, women buzz around four greenhouses made of dark shade nets, watering vegetable plots and removing weeds.

Omar Ali and other women in this village bordering Somalia used to grow vegetables by fetching water from a hand-dug shallow well and keeping off pests with old mosquito nets.

But increasingly dry weather and rising temperatures damaged their already limited harvests and weakened their cattle, the women said.

Change is afoot, however. Since 2016, a project led by the Millennium Water Alliance (MWA) is helping women from Alimao grow vegetables like kale and onions under shade nets that protect the crops from predators and the sun’s intensity.

A drip irrigation system is installed under the nets to use water more efficiently.

The “Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development” (Kenya RAPID) programme, implemented by World Vision Kenya, aims to improve 45,000 people’s access to water and sanitation in dry northern counties.



Zainab Omar Ali and other women operate a solar-powered pump in Alimao, Kenya, February 2017. Photo by Charles Kariuki, World Vision

After losing all their livestock to drought in the 1990s, Omar Ali and her family left their village in northern Kenya and migrated to Wajir County.

“Life was hard without any meat or milk to rely on,” she told the Thomson Reuters Foundation. “My (six) children and I would sometimes go for two days without a proper meal and had to rely on wild fruits.”

Experts say women bear the brunt of climate change in many developing countries, and are often more vulnerable than men when disasters like floods or droughts strike.

Richard Munang, climate change programme coordinator for Africa at UN Environment, said men in pastoralist communities control the main source of income – livestock – meaning women cannot take the decision to sell or slaughter an animal.

“That makes them more likely than men to have to go without food in times of need, while they must walk long distances to fetch water,” he said.

With no stable income to rely on, Omar Ali and six other village women decided to pool their limited savings in 2013.

“We used to have weekly meetings where each member would give 200 Kenyan shillings ($1.93) to buy milk from livestock herders and resell it to town dwellers,” she recalled, bending to water her vegetables. “But the milk would often spoil due to the heat.”

Halima Qureysh, another group member, said the women then tried farming a small piece of land allocated by village elders, but the hand-dug shallow wells they used often ran dry.

Since last year, however, the women have used the shade nets provided by the Kenya RAPID project, which is funded by the U.S. and Swiss governments, to help protect their crops from extreme heat.

Last year they harvested 35 tonnes of kale, compared to just a few bunches each previously, which was barely enough for domestic consumption.

Omar Ali said the group’s “healthy-looking” kale now fetches 50 shillings per kilo, instead of only 20 previously.

She now makes about 4,500 shillings per month – three times what she used to earn.

“I can take my children to school, cook balanced meals for my family and I have gained recognition in my community,” she said.

“In our society, women are not normally allowed to speak in public forums,” she added. “But given our group’s success, men are now letting the members speak to the rest of the village and make decisions at a family level.”


With support from the project, the group has also set up a borehole with a solar-powered pump to ease water shortages.

The women purify water from the borehole, store it in tanks and sell it to the rest of the community.

“We used to share dirty water with livestock in water pans – if there was water at all,” said Omar Ali. “But the water we get now is clean.”

Dickens Thunde, former country director at World Vision Kenya, said working with the community’s existing ways of coping with climate extremes – rather than introducing a new system – had been key to the success of the project.

“This community was already managing its own natural resources – it just needed a sustainable water source to withstand shocks,” he said.

However, challenges remain in reaching other vulnerable community members who aren’t part of the women’s group.

Hadabah Mahamoud, a project officer for sanitation and nutrition with World Vision, said a lack of funding has so far limited the project’s expansion to other villages.

“Once established, these projects are easy to manage, but the initial cost of setting them up and sourcing the equipment like irrigation pumps is quite high,” she said.

“Most people in this arid region still lack proper access to water, without which they cannot expect a healthy harvest or livestock,” she added.

For now, said Omar Ali, the women plan to use the group’s savings to offer training in sustainable farming to other women in the region, using their village as “a centre of excellence”.

($1 = 103.7500 Kenyan shillings)

Posted September 20, 2017


Smallholder Farm Groups Form in the Village of Nagis, Turkana Kenya

Posted August 24, 2017


In First Year of Kenya RAPID, More Than 30,000 Kenyans in Arid Lands Linked to Water Services

Partnerships Formed, Better Governance Underway to Increase Pace of Improved Water and Sanitation in Five-Year Push


4 May, 2017, Nairobi, Kenya – Since the February 2016 launch of the Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development program (Kenya RAPID), more than 30,772 people have gained access to safely managed water services, according to the Millennium Water Alliance – Kenya (MWAK).

“This five-year US$35 million effort is incredibly important given the serious and continuous drought facing the five Kenya RAPID counties,” said Kenya RAPID Chief of Party Doris Kaberia. “The main goal is to build resilience to help these communities combat drought conditions. In 2016, the first year of the program, we laid the foundation for faster progress, and will provide water and sanitation to an increasing number of people every year of the program.”

The ambitious MWAK program now includes 15 national partners and funders. Major funding comes from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) at US$12.5 million for five years, the Swiss Development Corporation (SDC) at US$7.5 million for five years, and major ongoing investment by Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana, and Wajir counties and the Government of Kenya.

Four non-governmental organization members of MWAK – CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Food for the Hungry, and World Vision – also provide matching funding, and work directly at the county and local level to increase delivery and build resilience to climate change and other factors. The program seeks to bring improved water, sanitation, and hygiene education to more than 450,000 people by the end of 2020.

Installation of a sensor on a Kenya RAPID project in Kapedo, Turkana County. This is one of the initiatives undertaken by the program under private-public partnership models to monitor functionality of boreholes and hand pumps. Photo credit: CRS Turkana.

MWAK in Nairobi and its parent organization, the Millennium Water Alliance based in the United States, see the program as a step forward in the way it engages the private sector, foundations, and the county governments in planning and implementing the initiative throughout the entire five years.

Aqua for All (based in the Netherlands), Acacia Water, SweetSense Inc., Davis & Shirtliff, IBM Research–Africa, the KCB Foundation, Vitol Foundation, and The Coca-Cola Africa Foundation are partners, contributing skills and resources in various ways.

“The Government of Kenya and the five County Governments were deeply involved in the design and planning of Kenya RAPID,” Kaberia noted. These counties have long had high poverty rates, chronic food and water insecurity, and low access to basic services. Kenya RAPID seeks to increase the average water access coverage in these five counties from the present 37% to 50%.

In its first year, the program also helped give water access to more than 5,200 cattle, 11,600 goats and sheep and 72 camels in the arid lands, supporting 184 farmers with improved technologies and management practices. One goal is to increase the diversity of household diets, and to expand the multiple uses of water for humans, livestock, crops, and conservation.

Kenya RAPID also works with other organizations to support a better devolved system of governance with strengthened institutional capacity in the water sector. The USAID program called AHADI, designed to support Kenya’s ongoing devolution process, is a key partner. AHADI is working with Kenya RAPID across the five counties in developing water sector policy, water laws, rules and regulations, and a water strategic plan. Community participation is a priority to both Kenya RAPID and USAID AHADI.

“We acknowledge the tremendous contribution also of former President of Kenya, His Excellency Mwai Kibaki,” added Kaberia. “Long before the formation of Kenya RAPID, His Excellency joined with us to find partners and to ensure that we address the daily lives of people, and stay on track. His leadership has been indispensable.”

H.E. Mwai Kibaki, who served as President of the Republic of Kenya from 2002 to 2013, serves as Patron of the Millennium Water Alliance Kenya and presided at the Nairobi launch event of Kenya RAPID in 2016.


For more information, contact:

Ignatius Bichanga, MWAK

John Sparks, MWA (US) 

Posted May 4, 2017


Launch of Kenya RAPID in Wajir County

Wajir County Governor Hon. Ahmed Abdullahi (left) and Swiss Ambassodor in Kenya H.E. Ralf Heckner (right) during the Kenya RAPID launch in Wajir County at Alimao Women Group Project on 22nd February, 2017.

A newly built 2-door improved toilet for both males and females at Alimao Women Group project that Kenya RAPID has supported.

Kenya RAPID staff supervise the works at the Alimao water pump which has been refurbished and rehabilitated including increasing water storage and installation of solar panels. Photo by Ignatius Bichanga, MWA-Kenya.

As a scale up of the water supply system for the Dulqub community, the program also installed a solar system to increase sustainable water supply for the community. Photo credit – World Vision Wajir.

Kenya RAPID supported the installation of a water supply system for the Dulqub community in Wajir South to serve domestic and livestock needs. Photo credit -World Vision Wajir.

Kenya RAPID Nurgows Water supply project in Wajir County. The project has benefited more than 6000 goats and sheep which use the water source as a watering point. Each farmer pays per animal per day. On a given day, the local water committee can collect up to 6000 Kenya shillings, covering the maintenance and management costs for the project. Photo credit – World Vision Wajir.

Posted May 10, 2017


MWA Kenya Invites Bids for Goods and Services for 2017-2018

Instructions and forms to apply for pre-qualification to supply goods and services to the Millennium Water Alliance Kenya this year and next are available here:

MWA Kenya Pre-qualification Application

Posted February 15, 2017


Kenya RAPID Restores Ulauli Community Borehole

The Ulauli community, located 130km from the town of Marsabit, recently celebrated the restoration of the community borehole with assistance of the Kenya RAPID program. The community had been without water since February 2016 when the borehole pump broke down and the community searched for water from other sources, mainly unprotected shallow wells 20km away. Women and children were suffering most due the long walking distances. These unprotected shallow wells, located on river beds, served both livestock and humans and were prone to contamination.

In September, the community approached the Marsabit Department of Water, and Kenya RAPID and Davis and Shirtliff, a leading supplier of Water related equipment, undertook the joint technical assessment. This entailed retrieving the pump as well as an analysis of water quality. The borehole was reequipped with a new pump and operation resumed in October.

“We would like to thank Kenya RAPID program for coming to our help the community during the dry period,” said Mesiamo Lengima, a member of Ulauli Self Help Group. “We used to walk over 20km in search of water from unprotected shallow wells for both domestic and livestock use. Much of our time was wasted in search of water. The unprotected shallow wells were prone to contamination resulting in diseases such as typhoid, diarrhea, and cholera.”

Consultations with Ulauli Water Management Committee on enhancing water source sustainability with Marsabit County Kenya RAPID CCU team. Photo by FHK

Consultations with Ulauli Water Management Committee on enhancing water source sustainability with Marsabit County Kenya RAPID CCU team. Photo by FHK

The children used to miss school for two reasons:  searching for water and suffering water-related illness. With rehabilitation of this borehole, the walking distance has reduced from 20km to 500m. The Ulauli Primary school has re-opened. Teachers had cited the lack of water as requiring closure. Teachers and children are concentrating on class work and the water related illness has reduced.

The borehole, originally drilled in 2012, has a yield of 3.46m3/hr translating to 34.6m3/day assuming 10 hours pumping. The water infrastructure as a whole includes the borehole, a 10m high 27m3 steel tank,  2 water kiosks, a solar power system, and a distribution pipeline of approximately 1.5 km serving surrounding communities. Other infrastructure includes a 25m3 Ground Masonry tank and water troughs. To ensure water project sustainability the community has elected a water management commitee (WMC) tasked with responsibilities of borehole management, water billing, record keeping, and water provision on a daily basis.



MWA Appoints Regional Program Officer in East Africa


The Millenniuchristine-banga-2016m Water Alliance announces the appointment of Christine Banga as the organization’s first Regional Program Officer. Ms. Banga will be working closely with MWA secretariat staff in Ethiopia and Kenya, and with East Africa Regional Director Chris Mzembe, who joined MWA earlier this year.

Ms. Banga has more than 15 years of experience in the design and implementation of WASH programs in Kenya. Prior to joining the Millennium Water Alliance, Ms. Banga was WASH/Nutrition Manager for the Kenya Integrated Water Sanitation and Hygiene Project in the western Kenya region. She previously worked for Catholic Relief Service – Kenya Program as WASH Manager, and holds a Bachelor of Arts degree in Social Work from the University of Nairobi and a Master’s degree in Public Health from the Kenya Methodist University.


 MWA Launches $35.5 Million 5-Year Program to Accelerate WASH Services for 450,000 Kenyans in Arid Lands

MWA Kenya Patron Mwai Kibaki (right) greets MWA Board Chairman Malcolm Morris at the Feb 18 launch in Nairobi of the new $35.5million Kenya RAPID program. In the center are special guests Ralf Heckner, Swiss Ambassador to Kenya, and Robert Godec, US Ambassador to Kenya.

MWA Kenya Patron Mwai Kibaki (right) greets MWA Board Chairman Malcolm Morris at the Feb 18 launch in Nairobi of the new $35.5million Kenya RAPID program. In the center are special guests Ralf Heckner, Swiss Ambassador to Kenya, and Robert Godec, US Ambassador to Kenya. (Photo: KBC1)

Nairobi, Kenya, 17 February 2016 – Leaders of 14 government agencies, private companies, and nonprofits today launched an ambitious five-year program to bring better access to safe water and sanitation to five northern counties.

Funded by a range of partners, including the United States Agency for International Development, (USAID) and the Swiss Development Corporation (SDC), the program, called the Kenya Resilient Arid Lands Partnership for Integrated Development (Kenya-RAPID), will increase WASH coverage from the current average of 37% of the population to more than 50% by 2020 in Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana, and Wajir.

Leaders of the program were joined at a special event at the Safari Park Hotel by His Excellency Mwai Kibaki, the Third President of Kenya, who was also named last year as the United Nations Special Envoy for Water. The Third President also serves as the Patron of the Millennium Water Alliance Kenya (MWA-K), a consortium of nonprofit organizations working with the Government of Kenya and county governments to achieve full WASH coverage in the country by the year 2030.


3R Final Reports

Posted Aug 18, 2015

KALDRR IP Report – Marsabit Final 2013-10-14

KALDRR IP Report – Turkana Final 2013-10-14

KALDRR IP Report – Wajir Final Dec 2013 IRC Acacia




Posted Dec 16, 2014

As the KALDRR WASH program implementation period comes to a close, the Kamotonyi community in Marsabit county looks into the future with more hope. The seasonal river that used to be dry after long periods of dry spells will no longer be the same.

Water will now be permanently stored in the river sand and accessed through an infiltration well rather than scooping from the sand. This has been effected as a result of the construction of the Sand Dam across the Kamotonyi river through FH Kenya a MWA Kenya Implementing partner

The sand dam has already harvested water from the recent rains that will now be permanently be stored in the sand and accessed by community and the nearby school all the year round.

A sand dam is a wall(weir) constructed across a river section well anchored to the basement rock and to the river banks to ensure its stability and performance.
An infiltration gallery is a structure put in place within the sand storage area to ensure filtration of water before collection at the well.
The surrounding environment is also expected to change in a matter of time.

FH Kenya is ensuring that in the coming weeks, the Kamotonyi community access safe water through the infiltration well which is at the final stages of completion.

A similar sand dam has been constructed in Illaut community in the same county to improve water access for the community members.

In the implementation of these projects FH has closely partnered with the county government and the beneficiary communities.




Nairobi, Kenya, November 5-7, 2014 – Nearly 40 representatives of Kenyan and international civil society and business leaders met to launch the 2014-2019 Strategic Plan of the Millennium Water Alliance Kenya, a new entity created with the leadership of the Millennium Water Alliance (US).

Former President of Kenya, The Honorable Mwai Kibaki, the official Patron of Millennium Water Alliance Kenya (MWAK), made the keynote speech at the launch ceremony on November 5 and also addressed top business community leaders on November 7.

For television coverage of the events, click here:  (the 2 minute 34 second segment begins at 6:31, stops at 9:06).

Also:  (NTV Kenya, 1 minute 43 seconds segment)


“Water being such a critical resource, a mission to ensure its universal availability to the people of Kenya deserves all the support one can muster from both public and private sector actors,” the former President said in his keynote.

Morris & Kibaki MWAK Strategy Launch Nov 2014

That is why we are here today, calling for greater and closer collaboration of three critical partners,” he adding noting that only through cooperation can the public sector (government), private sector (business), and non-governmental actors (international and local NGOs and civil society), can the country accelerate its progress toward 100% coverage for all Kenyans in safe drinking water and sanitation access.

MWA Board Chairman Malcolm Morris noted the former President’s long association with the substantial progress made in Kenya in recent years toward that goal. President Kibaki’s personal commitment “did not cease with the millions added during his term but he has committed to continue in that commitment for universal WASH coverage as Patron of the Millennium Water Alliance of Kenya,” Morris said.

Morris stressed that the purpose of gathering business leaders for part of the event was to heart their perspective on universal water supply as it affects their business, not necessarily as providers of water solutions, “but in the importance of this water supply to you, realizing that no business can exist without good availability of water.”

Morris said that even those businesses not directly involved in the water sector will be dependent on a disciplined water sector to achieve the economic growth envisioned for Kenya.

Business leaders in attendance included Dr. Helen Gichohi, Equity Bank; Mr. Joseph Ogutu, Safaricom; Ms. Carole Kariuki, Kenya Private Sector Alliance; Mr. John Kiarie, Deloitte; Dr. Susan Mboya, Coca-Cola; Dr. Romano Kiome, International Livestock Research Institute; and Mr.  Edward Davis, Davis & Shirtliff.

Susan Mboya, TCCAF at MWAK Strategy Launch Nov 2014

Attendees also heard from James Teko Lopoyetum, Principal Secretary for the Kenyan Department Of Water; Dr. Khadijah Kassachoon, Principal Secretary for Health; Sjef Ernes, CEO of Aqua for All, the Dutch partner in MWAK; and Stanley Murage, Board Member of MWAK.

The launch included partners of the Millennium Water Alliance in its current  US$9.8 million Kenya Arid Lands – Disaster Risk Reduction WASH program in five Kenya counties (Turkana, Marsabit, Garissa, Isiolo, and Wajir), funded by the United States Agency for International Development and MWA partners CARE, Catholic Relief Services, Food for the Hungry, IRC  , Living Water International, World Vision,, and Aqua for All.  Very importantly, the ministers of water from the five counties of the KALDRR program also participated.

The Millennium Water Alliance Kenya (MWAK) is a subsidiary of Millennium Water Alliance (MWA), based in the United States. Founded in 2002, MWA is the consortium of leading development organizations helping to bring safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) education to the world’s poorest people. Both entities offer sustainable solutions through collaborative programming, advocacy, and knowledge sharing.

For more information, contact:

Rafael Callejas 202-296-1836

Susan Dundon 313-815-3609

John Sparks 202-296-1833

Doris Kaberia (Kenya)